Northern Black Sea coast

Northern Black Sea coast

The region of the Northern Black Sea coast encompasses a narrow strip along the coastline of the Black Sea. The climate is intermediate with hot and dry summers and sometimes severe winters. The vegetation in the area is extremely varied and in many places it is strongly influenced by human activities, which led to destruction of the primary vegetation, mostly presented by warm oak forests. Most notable vegetation types in the area are the different kinds of beaches – sandy or with gravel, in places extensive sand dunes, steppic grasslands, oak forests, and flooded forests along rivercourses.

Black_Sea_North

© Boris Assyov

The Bulgarian endemics are a few. Most notable and relatively easily seen are Anthemis regis-borisii, Centaurea euxina, Koeleria davidovii, and Silene caliacrae.

The Balkan endemics are more numerous and the following species may be encountered in this area: Achillea clypeolata, Anchusa velenovskyi, Astragalus spruneri, Astragalus suberosus, Asyneuma anthericoides, Bupleurum apiculatum, Cardamine penzesii, Centaurea caliacrae, Hypecoum ponticum, Knautia macedonica, Onosma thracica, Salvia ringens, Scabiosa triniifolia, Silene frivaldskyana, and Verbascum purpureum.

Among the orchids, a few are seen here, namely Anacamptis pyramidalis, Himmantoglossum caprinum, Limodorum abortivum, and Orchis purpurea.

A number of protected species are found in the area, namely Alyssum borzaeanum, Argusia sibirica, Artemisia lerchiana, Artemisia pedemontana, Bellevalia ciliata, Calystegia soldanella, Centaurea arenaria, Convolvulus persicus, Crambe tataria, Cyclamen coum, Dianthus nardiformis, Ephedra distachya, Eryngium maritimum, Fritillaria pontica, Goniolimon tataricum, Gypsophila trichotoma, Lepidotrichum uechtritzianum, Limonium latifolium, Matthiola odoratissima, Paeonia tenuifolia, Ruta graveolens, Salvinia natans, Scilla bithynica, Silene euxina, Stachys maritima, Trachomitum venetum, and Veronica multifida.

Other species of interest are Acer tataricum, Adonis vernalis, Adonis volgensis, Agropyron cristatum, Alyssum caliacrae, Amygdalus nana, Asphodeline lutea, Astragalus glaucus, A. vesicarius, Astrodaucus littoralis, Cakile maritima, Campanula sibirica, Carduus thoermeri, Carpinus orientalis, Carthamus lanatus, Centaurea salonitana, Cercis siliquastrum, Colutea arborescens, Coronilla emerus, Cotinus coggygria, Crambe maritima, Dianthus pseudoarmeria, Dictamnus albus, Digitalis lanata, Echinops ritro, Euphorbia myrsinites, E. paralias, Geranium purpureum, Glaucium flavum, Globularia aphyllanthes, Iris pumila, I. sintenisii, Jasminum fruticans, Jurinea stoechadifolia, Knautia integrifolia, Lathyrus laxiflorus, Leucojum aestivum, Linum tauricum, Matthiola fruticulosa, Medicago marina, Nonea atra, Onopordum tauricum, Onosma aucherana, O. taurica, Paeonia peregrina, Periploca graeca, Peucedanum arenarium, Primula acaulis, Ruscus aculeatus, Salvia aethiopis, Salvia argentea, Salvia nutans, Scabiosa argentea, Scutellaria orientalis, Silene compacta, S. thymifolia, Tanacetum millefolium, Verbascum ovalifolium, V. phoeniceum, and Xeranthemum annuum.